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0 Gustavia augusta

Gustavia augusta L., Pl. Surin. 12 (1775).

Gustavia augusta
Gustavia augusta
Gustavia augusta
Gustavia augusta
Gustavia augusta
Gustavia augusta L., Photo by Tuyến Bùi Cách

The native range of this species is S. Tropical America. It is a tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is used as a medicine and for food.

Vietnamese name:

Sen Thiên Đường, Chiếc Sen.

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0 Gomphandra tetrandra

Gomphandra tetrandra (Wall.) Sleumer, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 238 (1940).

Gomphandra tetrandra
Gomphandra tetrandra
Gomphandra tetrandra
Gomphandra tetrandra
Gomphandra tetrandra
Gomphandra tetrandra; Photo by Diep Dinh Quang

The native range of this species is W. India, Sri Lanka, Assam to S. China and Indo-China. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Vietnamese name: 

Bổ béo bốn nhị

Latin name: 

Gomphandra tetrandra (Wall.) Sleum. – Lasianthera tetrandra Wall.

Family: 

Icacinaceae

Uses: 

Roots have cooling and anti-fatigue effects; Dried roots, soaked in wine and drunk, have the effect of nourishing the body and preventing fatigue.

Distribution: 

Vinh Phuc (Tam Dao), Hanoi (Ba Vi), Thua Thien Hue. The tree grows under the canopy of evergreen forests.

Flower and fruit season: 

February-May; May-October

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0 Ardisia mamillata

Ardisia mamillata Hance, J. Bot. 22: 290 (1884). 

Ardisia mamillata
Ardisia mamillata
Ardisia mamillata
Ardisia mamillata Hance, Photo by Nguyễn Quốc Khánh

The native range of this species is S. China to N. Indo-China. It is a subshrub and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Vietnamese name: 

Cây lưỡi cọp đỏ/ Cơm nguội đá vôi

Latin name: 

Ardisia mamillata Hance

Family: 

Myrsinaceae

Uses: 

Coughing up blood, dysentery, large intestine bleeding, hemorrhage (decoction of the whole plant). Also cures rheumatism, hepatitis, jaundice, clears heat, orange stains in children, irregular menstruation, malaria, bone pain, and lung diseases.

Distribution: 

Ha Giang, Quang Nam, Da Nang. The tree grows naturally in rocky mountains, in evergreen broad-leaved forests, in dark, moist places, at altitudes of 400-1600 m. This species has been included in the Vietnam Red Book.

Flower and fruit season: 

May - July; August-December

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0 Tamilnadia uliginosa (Retz.) Tirveng. & Sastre

Tamilnadia uliginosa (Retz.) Tirveng. & Sastre

Tamilnadia uliginosa
Tamilnadia uliginosa
Tamilnadia uliginosa
Tamilnadia uliginosa (Retz.) Tirveng. & Sastre; Photo by Damin Mai Trung

The native range of this species is Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Vietnamese name:

Găng nước

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0 Billolivia kyi Luu & G.Tran

Billolivia kyi Luu & G.Tran, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 52(5-6): 362 (2015).

Billolivia kyi
Billolivia kyi
Billolivia kyi
Billolivia kyi
Billolivia kyi
Billolivia kyi Luu & G.Tran, Photo by  Trương Quang Cường

The native range of this species is Vietnam. It grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Vietnamese name:

Giang ly ký; Lưu hoa ký

Distribution:

(Khanh Hoa) and National Park. Bidoup – Ba Mountain (Lam Dong).

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