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0 Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms

Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms

Latin Name: Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Harms
English Name: Manyprickle Acathopanax, Many Prickle Acanthopanax, Multiprickeled Acanthopanax, Siberian Ginseng
Family & Genus: Araliaceae, Acanthopanax
Description: Deciduous shrubs, up to 2m. Stem densely covered with slender barb. Leaves palmate and alternate with petioles 3.5-12cm long, glabrous or with sparse hairs; no thorns or fine thorns; petiolule 0.5-2cm long, brown napped; oblong to elliptic-obovate; 5 leaflets, 3 or 4 rarely, 5-13cm long, 2-7cm wide, apex acute or acuminate, base cuneate, light green below, dense light brown napped along vein, dark green above, glabrous or napped, margin serrate or double serrate. Umbel terminal, solitary or 2-6 fuses into panicle, peduncle 8cm long, pedicel 1-2cm long; green calyx combines with ovary, lobes 5; ovate petals 5, yellow with purple; stamens 5; ovary 5, style small and cylindrical. Dark purple berry-like drupe, nearly spherical with persistent style. Flat seeds 4-6, crescent shaped. Flowering June to July, fruiting July to September.
Distribution: Growing in miscellaneous forests of coniferous and broadleaved trees, under or by deciduous broad-leaved forest edges at altitude below 2,000m. Can be cultivated. Distributed in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Jilin, or Shanxi, Hebei and etc. The medicinal materials are mainly produced in Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Shaanxi, Hebei and etc.
Part Used: Medical part: roots, rhizome or stems. Chinese name: Ciwujia.
Harvest & Processing: Excavated in spring and autumn, removed soil and sun-dried.
Chemistry: Mainly contains glycoside (e.g. Eleutheroside).
Pharmacology: Anti-fatigue, anti-anoxia, anti-aging and anti-tumor, blood-lipid-regulating, adaptivity-improving, anti-arrhythmic, immune-system regulating.
Properties & Actions:  Sweet, little bitter, warm. Sweet, little bitter, warm. Tonifying qi and fortifying the spleen, tonifying the kidney and calming mental state.
Indications & Usage: Used for renal insufficiency and physical weakness, asdthenic splenonephro-yang, relative weakness in the loins and knees, weariness and debilitation, insomnia and dreaminess, delayed walking ability in children, etc. Oral administration: decocting,6-15g, or made in pills or powder or made as medicinal liquor.
1. Treat infantile paralysis and weakness of bones and tendons, retard walking: manyprickle acathopanax 9g, India madder, papaya, achyranthis radix, 6g each. Decoct in water for oral dose.
2. Treat rheumatic pain: manyprickle acathopanax 15g. Decoct in water, or add into yellow wine as infused decoction.

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