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0 Aerides houlletiana

"Aerides houlletiana Rchb.f. orchid is native to Thailand, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia in evergreen, semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests at elevations of sea level to 700 m in partial shade."

Aerides houlletiana Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 1872: 1194 (1872). 

Aerides houlletiana
Aerides houlletiana
Aerides houlletiana
Aerides houlletiana
Aerides houlletiana Rchb.f., Photo by Home Pongyaeng

its native range is Indo-China.

Latin Name: 

Aerides houlletiana Rchb.f.

Family: 

Orchidaceae Juss.

Synonym:

Aerides picotiana Rchb.f.

Aerides platychila Rolfe

Vietnamese  name:

Họa mi; Lan đuôi cáo, Giáng hương quế nâu. 

English Name:

Houllet's Aerides (French Gardener 1800's)

Description: 

With ligulate, apically bilobed leaves that blooms in the spring and summer on a 40 cm long, dense, pendulous inflorescence carrying many (12 to 20), large, fleshy flowers that are quite fragrant.

Distribution:

Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam (Kon Tum, Đắk Lắk, Tây Ninh, Phú Quốc).

Ecological:

A medium to large sized, hot to warm growing species from Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia occuring in evergreen, semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests at elevations of sealevel to 700 m in partial shade.

Flowering times:

Blooms in the spring and summer.

Flower size:

2.5 cm.

Cultivation:

LIGHT/LOCATION: semi-shady

TEMPERATURE: moderate - warm (18 - 22 °C)

WATERING: spray regularly

FERTILIZATION: once a month

Type Information:

Reference: 

theplantlist.org

https://www.ipni.org/n/615247-1

http://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:615247-1

http://www.orchidspecies.com/aerideshoulletiana.htm.

https://travaldo.blogspot.com/2017/12/grow-and-care-aerides-houlletiana-orchid.html

https://www.orchideen-wichmann.de/en/aerides-houlletiana-x-christensonia-vietnamica.html

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0 Trichoglottis loheriana

Trichoglottis loheriana (Kraenzl.) L.O.Williams, Philipp. J. Sci. 65: 388 (1938).

Trichoglottis loheriana
Trichoglottis loheriana (Kraenzl.) L.O.Williams, Photo by Nelson T. Geraldino

its native range is Philippines (Luzon).

Latin Name: 

Trichoglottis loheriana (Kraenzl.) L.O.Williams, 

Family: 

Orchidaceae Juss.

Synonym:

Acampe loheriana Kraenzl.

Staurochilus loherianus (Kraenzl.) Karas.

Vandopsis davisii Ames & Quisumb.

English Name:

Loher's Trichoglottis (German Orchid Collecter Early 1900's).

Description: 

It  has a monopodial, erect, stiff stem carrying leathery, 2 ranked, very rigid, unequally notched apically, strap-shaped leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect, 40 cm long, several (12) flowered, racemose inflorescence with fragrant flowers.

Distribution:

Philippines.

Ecological:

At elevations to 900 m as a small to medium sized, epiphytic, monopodial species that is endemic and is grown hot to warm growing.

Flowering times:

Blooms in the spring .

Flower size:

3.0 cm.

Cultivation:

Plant grows in moderate shade and warm temperatures depending on the species. Pot plants in medium fir bark or sphagnum moss. Plants can also be mounted. Water when the potting media is just approaching dryness, but still a bit moist and never allow the potting media to become bone dry..

Type Information:

Reference: 

theplantlist.org

https://www.ipni.org/n/660534-1

http://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:660534-1

http://www.orchidspecies.com/staurloheriana.htm. 

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0 Encyclia patens var. serroniana (Barb.Rodr.) Romanini & F.Barros

Encyclia patens var. serroniana (Barb.Rodr.) Romanini & F.Barros, Fl. Fanerog. Ilha Cardoso 12: 102 2007.

Encyclia patens var. serroniana
Encyclia patens var. serroniana
Encyclia patens var. serroniana
Encyclia patens var. serroniana
Encyclia patens var. serroniana (Barb.Rodr.) Romanini & F.Barros, Photo by Leonardo Almeida
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0 Morinda persicifolia

Morinda persicifolia Buch.-Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13(2): 535 (1822).

Morinda persicifolia
Morinda persicifolia
Morinda persicifolia
Morinda persicifolia
Morinda persicifolia
Morinda persicifolia
Morinda persicifolia Buch.-Ham., Photo by Quang Trung

its native range is Bangladesh to China (S. Yunnan) and W. Malesia.

Latin name:

Morinda persicifolia Buch.-Ham.

Family:

Rubiaceae Juss.

Synonyms:

Morinda lanceolata Wall.

Morinda persicifolia var. sublinearis Kuntze

Vietnamese name:

Nhàu nước, Cây ruột gà. 

Chinese  name:

短梗木巴戟 - duan geng mu ba ji

Describtion:

Shrubs or small trees, to 11 m tall; branches quadrangular, pubescent or glabrous. Leaves opposite or solitary opposite an inflorescence; petiole 1-2 cm; blade drying papery, adaxially gray, abaxially pale green, oblong-lanceolate, lanceolate, oblanceolate, or linear-lanceolate, 6-18 × 2-12 cm, glabrous or sparsely pilosulous, base acute to attenuate, apex acute or shortly acuminate; secondary veins 7-10 pairs; stipules interpetiolar, triangular to broadly triangular, acute to subulate acuminate. Inflorescence solitary and leaf-opposed; peduncle 1, 1-3 mm; head 1, many flowered; bracteoles subulate. Flower biology not noted. Calyx limb truncate. Corolla white, salverform; tube ca. 16 mm, somewhat curved, inside glabrous; lobes 5, ca. 4 mm. Drupecetum mulberry-shaped or conical-oblong, 2-2.5 × 1.5-2 cm.

Fruit and Flowering:

Summer-autumn

Distribution: 

Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, Laos, Malaya, Myanmar, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam.

In Vietnam, noni is found only in the provinces of the Southern Delta

Ecology:

Often grows scattered or in clusters along the banks of canals, ponds, fields or roadsides. Light-loving plants, can withstand waterlogging, because when growing on the banks of canals, all the roots and roots are already in the wetland environment.

Chemical and Pharmacology:

Noni root contains morindin, a derivative of trihydroxyanthraqumnon, and two other anthraquinone derivatives with boiling points of 222° and 270°, respectively.

Cultivation

Uses:

Cure rheumatism, back pain, aching limbs and high blood pressure, dysentery (whole tree).. 

Typus:

Wallich, N. [8435], India K000031582 Unknown type material

References:

https://www.ipni.org/n/756451-1

http://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:756451-1

http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=250096535

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0 Paphiopedilum appletonianum f. immaculatum (Braem) Braem

Paphiopedilum appletonianum f. immaculatum (Braem) Braem, Orchidées Cult. Protect. 36 1998.

Paphiopedilum appletonianum f. immaculatum (Braem) Braem
Paphiopedilum appletonianum f. immaculatum (Braem) Braem, Photo Pham Quoc Tinh
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