Red Squil-Urginea maritima (L.) Baker belonging to family Liliaceae

2.3.3.3 Red Squill It is the red variety of European squill Urginea maritima (L.) Baker belonging to family Liliaceae. In fact, the red colour is attributed due to the presence of anthrocyanin pigments present in the mesophyll cells of scales.
The glycoside present in the red squill is known as scilliroside having the following structure.


It is slightly soluble in water, but is soluble freely in lower alcohol, ethylene glycol, dioxane and glacal acetic acid. It is mostly used as a rat poison.

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