Cyrtomium fortunei J. Sm.

Cyrtomium fortunei J. Sm.
Cyrtomium fortunei
Source: havlis.cz 
Latin Name: Cyrtomium fortunei J. Sm.; Family Dryopteridaceae.
Synonym Name: Aspidium falcatum var. fortunei (J. Sm.) Makino; Cyrtomium fortunei var. fortunei; Cyrtomium fortunei f. fortunei; Polystichum falcatum var. fortunei (J. Sm.) Matsum.; Polystichum fortunei (J. Sm.) Nakai         
Description: Plants 25-50 cm tall. Rhizome erect, densely covered with brown scales. Stipe stramineous, 12-26 cm, 2-3 mm in diam. at base, lower portion densely scaly; scales brown, sometimes with a dark brown central stripe, ovate or lanceolate, dentate. Lamina oblong-lanceolate, 20-42 × 8-14 cm, base not contracted or slightly contracted, 1-imparipinnate, apex obtuse; rachis with sparse lanceolate or linear brown scales. Lateral pinnae 7-16(-29) pairs, alternate, nearly spreading, shortly stalked, lanceolate, ± falcate; middle pinnae 5-8 × 1.2-2 cm, base oblique, acroscopic margins subtruncate and sometimes with weak, blunt auricles, basiscopic margins cuneate, margins entire or sometimes serrulate, apex acuminate or rarely caudate; terminal pinna ovate-lanceolate, sometimes lower portion with 1 or 2 lobes, 3-6 × 1.5-3 cm; papery, glabrous on both surfaces; venation pinnate, slightly raised abaxially, indistinct adaxially, veinlets anastomosing to form 4 or 5 rows of areoles on each side of midrib, each areole with 1 or 2 included free veinlets. Sori throughout abaxial surface of pinnae; indusia grayish, margins entire.
Distributed: in East, South-central and Southwest China, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu and etc.
Part Used: rhizome and leaves.
Chinese name: rhizome: Xiaoguanzhong. Leaves: Gongjitouye.
Harvest & Processing: Rhizome: collected throughout the year. Uproot the entire plant, clear the aboveground part and fibrous root, sun-dried completely. Leaves: collected throughout the year, picked off leaves, well washed, used fresh or sundried.
Properties & Actions: Root stem: bitter, harsh, cold. Leaves: bitter, cold. Rhizome: clearing heat, detoxifying, cooling blood, dissipating stasis and killing parasites. Leaves: cooling blood, arresting pain, clearing heat and inducing urination.
Indications & Usage:  Rhizome: common cold, macular eruption due to pyretic osis, diphtheria, mammary abscess, scrofula, dysentery, jaundice, hematemesis, hemafecia, metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, hemorrhoid hemorrhage, leukorrhea, injuries from falls, enteral parasite. Leaves: metrorrhagia and metrostaxis, leucorrhea, hemorrhage due to knife wounds, scalding and burns. Rhizome: oral administration: decocting, 9-15g. External application: appropriate amount, triturated for application; or powdered for application. Leaf: oral administration: decocting, 9-15g; powdered, 3-6g. External application: appropriate amount, smashed for application; or powdered for application.
Examples:
1. Profuse uterine bleeding: basket fern root 3g. Stir-fried in vinegar. Decoct in water and swallow.
2. Dizziness and palpitation: gongjitou root and stem 60g. Stew in water and drink.
3. Hemorrhage due to knife wound: pestle gongjitou leaves, apply to the affected lesions.
Source:
Chinese Medicinal Material Images Database
efloras.org 

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