Catunaregam tomentosa

Catunaregam tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Tirveng., Taxon 27: 515 1978 publ. 1979.

Catunaregam tomentosa
Catunaregam tomentosa
Catunaregam tomentosa
Catunaregam tomentosa
Catunaregam tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Tirveng.; Photos Hoang Thanh Son

Vietnamese name: Găng trắng, Găng bọt, Găng nhung

Cambodia Name: lovieng

Thailand Name: ka thaeng (general), khet (Chiang Mai), khlet (central, Kanchanaburi)

Latin Name: Catunaregam tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Tirveng.

Synonym Name:

Gardenia dasycarpa Kurz 

Gardenia tomentosa Blume ex DC.         

Randia dasycarpa (Kurz) Bakh.f. 

Randia tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) Hook.f.

Xeromphis tomentosa (Blume ex DC.) T.Yamaz.

Family: Rubiaceae

Description: Medium tree, 4-10m high; Branches are slender, hanging, with soft-bristled branches, with straight or horizontal spines, 1-5cm long. Leaves oval or inverted oval, near pointed, rounded or with a tip at the tip, pointed at the base, green above, soft white moonish hair and yellowish yellow below, 2.5-13cm long, 1 wide, 5-4.5cm. Cream white flowers, often solitary, almost sessile, leafy on axillary sides. The fruit is berries, ovoid or spherical, 2.5-4cm long, 2-4cm wide, full of yellow hairs. Many seeds are 5mm long, 3-4mm wide, smooth, black and black.

Distribution: It is found in Burma (Myanmar), Indo-China, Thailand, northern Peninsular Malaysia, Java and VietNam. In VietNam, It is found in Yok Don National Park, Đắk Lắk province

Ecological: Occurs on dry, bare soils, also in burned savannas.

Flower season: Flowers February to May, fruits from April to July.

Chemical composition:

- Fruit contains saponins.

- Root contains triterpene saponin: catomentosaponin

Pharmacological study: The antibacterial activity of fruit, leaf and stem bark extracts were evaluated against B. subtilis (ATCC6633) and S. aureus (ATCC25923)

Parts used: Fruit, leaves - Fructus et Folium Catunaregami Tomentosae.

Uses: Leaves used to cool down, cure yellow urine, urinating, boiling stomach. On using 20-30g in the form of jelly (crushed leaves with boiled water to cool, filter quickly, let solidify, eat with sugar water). The fruit is used to soak shampoo, can soak and also cook shampoo to keep hair soft and shiny. The fruits are used in Cambodia for washing the hair and clothes, undoubtedly because of the presence of saponins. The wood is used to make combs, and the plant is often planted in fences.






- Sutin Kaennakam, Kitiya Rassamee, Pongpun Siripong, Santi Tip-Pyang; Catomentosaponin, a New Triterpene saponin from the roots of Catunaregam tomentosa; Prod Res. 2018 Jul;32(13):1499-1505

- Karnsiree Thimabut, Amornrat Keawkumpai, Patima Permpoonpattana, Saranyoo Klaiklay, Parinuch Chumkaew, Darika Kongrit, Jaraslak, Pechwang, Theera Srisawat; Antibacterial potential of extracts of various parts of Catunaregam tomentosa (Blume ex DC) Tirveng and their effects on bacterial granularity and membrane integrity; Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research May 2018; 17 (5): 875-882

0 Comment:

Post a Comment

© Pharmacognosy | Plants | herbal | herb | traditional medicine | alternative | Botany | © Copyright 2012 ; Email: