Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis

Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis (Hochr.) Borss.Waalk., Blumea 14: 93 1966.

Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis
Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis
Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis
Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis (Hochr.) Borss.Waalk.Photo Diep Dinh Quang

Vietnamese name: Sâm phú yên.

Common name: Musk Mallow; Ambrette; Musk Okra; Native Rosella

Latin Name: Abelmoschus moschatus subsp. biakensis (Hochr.) Borss.Waalk. 

Synonym Name: Abelmoschus biakensis Hochr.

Family: Malvaceae


Stem: Occasionally grows to a height of 1 m or more but usually flowers and fruits when smaller.

Leaves: Leaves variable, usually lobed in various ways, leaf blades about 6-7 x 6-9 cm, venation palmate. Petioles about 4-10 cm long. Stipules about 5-11 mm long, filiform, clothed in translucent hairs. Stems, petioles and upper and lower leaf blade surfaces clothed in a mixture of long, translucent, simple and stellate hairs.

Flowers: Epicalyx of 10-13 lobes, hairy on the inner surface. Calyx bilabiate or 3-lobed, split down one side, hairy. Petals or corolla lobes about 55-70 mm long, centre of the corolla red. Anther filaments fused into a tube surrounding the style with the stigmas red and hairy at the apex. Staminal tube fused to the corolla.

Fruit: Fruits 5-lobed, about 33 mm long, hairy, epicalyx persistent at the base. Seeds reniform, longitudinally striated.

Seedlings: Cotyledons +/- orbicular, cordate at the base, about 13-18 x 14-17 mm, on long petioles, about 13-15 mm. Stem, petiole, hypocotyl and upper and lower surfaces of the cotyledons clothed in erect white hairs. First pair of true leaves clothed in erect white hairs, margin crenate. At the tenth leaf stage: stellate hairs also visible on the underside of the leaf blade. Petioles long, longer than the leaf blades. Stipules hairy, about 2 mm long, caducous. Stem clothed in long (1-2 mm) translucent hairs. Stem, petiole and the underside of the leaf blade clothed in scattered, clear, sticky, spherical glands. Taproot thick and tuberous, carrot-like (Daucus carota). Seed germination time 9 to 34 days.

Distribution: It is found in south-eastern Queensland, northern Australia and Vietnam. In VietNam, It is found in Ninh Bình (Ghềnh maket), Nghệ An, Hà Tĩnh, Quảng Trị, Phú Yên, Khánh Hòa, Kon Tum, Gia Lai, Lâm Đồng, Ninh Thuận, Đồng Nai.

Ecological: Plants grow naturally scattered in open forests, forest edges, moist places, at an altitude of 900 m.

Use: Tonic, cough, urinary, menstruation in women (Roots).


- theplantlist.org

- efloras.org

- ipni.org

- portal.cybertaxonomy.org

0 Comment:

Post a Comment

© Pharmacognosy | Plants | herbal | herb | traditional medicine | alternative | Botany | © Copyright 2012 ; Email: epharmacognosy@gmail.com