Cephalotaxus oliveri Mast

Cephalotaxus oliveri Mast; Family Cephalotaxaceace
Cephalotaxus oliveri
Souce imgine: news.cgtn.com
1. Vernacular name: Phi lược bí;
2. Morphology: A small evergreen tree, 5-l0m high and 20cm in diameter. Branchlets opposite or verticillate. Leaves persistent, arranged in two rows, linear, hard, 2- 3.5cm long and 3-4mm broad, acute at tip, sometimes truncate or cordate at base, subsessile; dark green; with a midrib somewhat conspicuous or only conspicuous at base or middle part. Male cones 5-7, clustered in a head, 6- 9mm in diameter; stalk about 4mm long, solitary and axillary. Ovuliferous cones created by some oblong ovoid scales of 5mm length, each scale contains. 2 ovules. Drupe obovoid or ovoid, solitary, rarely 2-3 at tip, 2.5-3.5 (-4)cm long and 1-1.5cm across.
3. Distribution and ecology: Found in Thailand, Laos, China and Vietnam. In Vietnam it has recently been recorded in Lam Dong province, growing in subtropical broad-leaved evergreen forest, at altitudes of 950m asl and upwards. Neutral tree, shade-demanding when young, lightdemanding when grown up. Natural regeneration very poor. Suitable on many kinds of soil. Flowering in March-May, fruiting in September-October of next year.
4. Uses: Timber with straight grains, fine structure and high elasticity, rather hard, easy to work, not splitting and deforming after seasoning, resistant to termites and insects, used for high quality furniture, stationary, tool handles and fine art articles. Oil from seeds used in painting; seed also used in medicine. An endangered species of Vietnam, requiring protection in its natural habitat, especially in Bidoup and Langbian Nature Reserves.

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